What Are STD Symptoms

The term STD, or sexually transmitted disease, is used to refer to a wide range of illnesses that are transmitted sexually. As such, there is no one set of symptoms, as the given signs and symptoms of STDs will vary based on the type of STD a person has with additional variations between patients. There are still, however, some general signs that can indicate that a person suffers from an STD of some sort, although a medical diagnosis will frequently be necessary to determine which STD it is.

Frequently Asymptomatic

To make diagnosing an STD even more challenging, STDs are frequently asymptomatic, meaning that they are not accompanied by any symptoms. In fact, asymptomatic STDs are fairly common, something which means that the person with an STD is not always aware they have one. This in turn leads to ease of passing on the STD, showing the importance of using a condom and having regular screenings.

Urination Changes

If a person experiences pain or burning during urination, this may indicate one of several STDs, including trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia2. In addition, this pain may simply be a sign of kidney stones or a UTI (urinary tract infection). As such, it is important to visit a doctor whenever a person experiences changes in urination.

Unusual Discharge

Unusual discharge is a symptom of STDs that affects both men and women, although it does so in slightly different ways. In the majority of cases, penile discharge indicates an infection or STD, such as trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, or chlamydia. Vaginal discharge which is abnormal may indicate an STD or a range of other infections, many of which are not transmitted sexually. Remember that it is normal to experience some vaginal discharge as long as it does not smell bad and is not strangely colored.

Pain During Sex

It is common for women to experience occasional pain during sexual intercourse and as such, this symptom of STDs is frequently overlooked. It is essential to contact a doctor if the pain starts after changing sexual habits, began with intercourse with a new partner, is new, or has changed. Men with STDs may experience pain during ejaculation.

Vaginal Itching Or Burning

In some cases, vaginal itching or burning may indicate the presence of an STD, but this is not always the case. This sensation may also indicate a yeast infection or irritation, but it should still be examined by a doctor.

Pelvic Or Abdominal Pain

Pelvic pain may or may not indicate an STD, but women may experience severe pelvic pain from pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID. This conditions occurs if an STD is left untreated as bacteria enter the uterus as well as the abdomen, leading to inflammation and scarring.

Sores Or Bumps

Frequently, patients will first notice the sores and bumps associated with STDs before the other symptoms. These sores will typically occur close to the genitals or mouth and may indicate syphilis, HPV, genital herpes, or molloscum contagiosum. Even if a sore heals, the infection may still be present and herpes infections, for example, are lifelong.

Other Symptoms

It is also possible for those with STDs to experience symptoms typically associated with many different illnesses, including those which are not transmitted sexually. Those who experience weight loss, rashes, tiredness, fever, or chills may have any number of illnesses, including STDs. As such, if you think you are at risk and develop these symptoms, you should inform your doctor.