How To Prevent STD's

STDs, or sexually transmitted diseases, are also known as STIs and can range in severity from a minor nuisance to being life threatening. The single best method of preventing STDs is to remain abstinent and never do drugs. While avoiding drugs is possible, most people will not be able to abstinent, especially after they reach a certain age. The following methods can assist with preventing yourself from contracting an STD.

Reduce Risk Factors

The majority of risk factors for STDs can be controlled by an individual. As such, reducing these risk factors can help prevent STDs. Risk factors to reduce include using intravenous drugs, having sex with a person with an STD, having more than one partner for sexual relations, or having a partner with more than a single sexual partner. It is especially important to pay attention to these risk factors and reduce them if you have previously had an STD as this history increases the risk of contracting another.

Use Protection During Intercourse

Following abstinence, the best way to prevent STDs is to always practice safe sex by using protection during intercourse34. This means always using a condom or dental dam during sexual intercourse and ensuring that any lubricant used is water-based. Also be sure that you know how to properly use a condom to prevent pregnancy and disease.

Avoid Risky Sex

It is also important to avoid risky sex if you wish to prevent STDs. This means staying within a monogamous relationship with only one sexual partner, who has been tested and is free from disease. Other risky sex practices include any sexual act which breaks or tears the skin as small cuts may allow germs and disease to transfer between people more easily.

Receive Vaccinations

Although it is not the case for all STDs, some of them do offer vaccinations. To prevent yourself from developing these, receive the relevant immunizations. These include vaccinations for HPV and hepatitis A and B. Your doctor will be able to give you these vaccinations if you have not already received them.

Other Preventative Methods

Other prevention methods to reduce your risk of developing an STD include avoiding sharing underwear or towels as these items may contain infected bodily fluids. You should also wash both before and following intercourse.

Undergo Regular Testing

Even those who practice safe sex with one, disease-free partner should be regularly tested. Since there are rare ways in which STDs can be spread without intercourse, regular testing is essential. This will allow your doctor to detect an infection as soon as possible so you can begin treatment immediately.

Preventing Spreading STDs

Part of the task of preventing the spread of STDs falls under the responsibility of those who know they are infected. If you have an STD, avoid spreading it by following your doctor’s suggestions, not having sex until you are treated, always using condoms, and telling your partners so they can evaluate the risk and be tested.